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文章摘要
青岛近岸海域生态环境质量综合评价
Comprehensive Evaluation of Ecological Environmental Quality in the Offshore Area of Qingdao
  
DOI:
中文关键词: 生态环境质量  指标体系  综合评价  近岸海域  青岛市
英文关键词: Ecological environmental quality  Index system  Comprehensive evaluation  Offshore area  Qingdao
基金项目:环境保护公益性科研专项“近岸海域环境质量综合评价方法研究”基金资助项目(201309008);北海分局海洋科技基金资助项目(201504);山东省海洋生态环境与防灾减灾重点实验室开放基金资助项目(201602);国家海洋局海洋溢油鉴别与损害评估技术重点实验室开放基金资助项目(201701)
作者单位
刘旭东 青岛市环境监测中心站 
孙立娥 青岛市环境监测中心站 
张晓红 青岛市环境监测中心站 
李俊龙 中国环境监测总站国家环境保护环境监测质量控制重点实验室 
李曌 中国环境监测总站国家环境保护环境监测质量控制重点实验室 
崔文连 青岛市环境监测中心站 
沙婧婧 国家海洋局北海环境监测中心国家海洋局海洋溢油鉴别与损害评估技术重点实验室山东省海洋生态环境与防灾减灾重点实验室 
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中文摘要:
      基于国外近岸海域生态质量状况综合评价方法,结合国内海洋环境质量评价的研究现状,由生物、水质、沉积物指标和栖息地变化情况构成青岛近岸海域生态环境质量综合评价指标体系,并选取合适的评价模型,同时通过研究海域主要污染物的分布情况对评价结果进行反向验证。结果表明,青岛近岸海域生态质量状况综合评价等级为一般,受人为扰动的影响较大;该方法能够较好地反映主要的人为环境压力和风险因子,同时对潜在的污染因子有一定的预警作用。
英文摘要:
      Based on foreign comprehensive evaluation methods of ecological quality in offshore area, as well as the current domestic research, a comprehensive evaluation index system was established for ecological environmental quality in the offshore area of Qingdao, consisting of the indexes of biology, water, and sediment, the variation of habitat, and suitable evaluation model. According to the distribution of the main pollutants, the evaluation results were verified in reverse. Results showed that the comprehensive evaluation grade of the ecological 〖GK0!85mm〗quality in Qingdao offshore area was general, and it was influenced by human activities. This method had the functions of reflecting the main anthropogenic environmental pressures and risk factors, and forewarning the potential pollution factors.
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