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文章摘要
生态修复废弃矿山植被群落结构特征研究
Research on Vegetation Community Structure Characteristics in Abandoned Mines for Ecological Restoration
  
DOI:
中文关键词: 植被群落结构  生态修复  优势物种  废弃矿山
英文关键词: Vegetation community structure  Ecological restoration  Dominant species  Abandoned mine
基金项目:国家自然科学基金资助项目(52269026,51969010);云南省教育厅科学研究基金资助项目(2020Y0179)
作者单位
蒋文翠 华能西藏雅鲁藏布江水电开发投资有限公司藏木水电厂 
冉江华 建设集团云南省电力设计院有限公司 
王铭明 昆明理工大学 
范春梅 云南农业大学 
金冠锋 华能西藏雅鲁藏布江水电开发投资有限公司藏木水电厂 
耿庆宝 华能西藏雅鲁藏布江水电开发投资有限公司藏木水电厂 
曾荣俊 华能西藏雅鲁藏布江水电开发投资有限公司藏木水电厂 
孔维博 建设集团云南省电力设计院有限公司 
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中文摘要:
      以废弃矿山生态修复区为研究对象,将研究区分为天然原生林地区(A)、人工生态修复区(B)、自然恢复区(C)3种样地,采用典型样地抽样调查法和对比分析法,对不同样地物种组成、群落结构、多样性进行对比研究。结果表明:B区物种丰富度最大,有31种,隶属19科29属;不同样地植物生活型存在显著差异,A区以高位芽植物为主,B区以一年生植物为主,C区高位芽和一年生植物相当;筛选优势物种,试提出以本土物种为主、灌草结合的马桑+火棘+戟叶酸模+狗尾草植被配置模式修复研究区域。
英文摘要:
      Taking the ecological restoration area of abandoned mines as the research object, the study area was divided into three types of plots: natural native forest area(A), artificial ecological restoration area(B) and natural restoration area(C). The species composition, community structure and diversity of different plots were studied by sampling survey and comparative analysis of typical plots. The results showed that the species richness was highest in Zone B, with 31 species belonging to 19 families and 29 genera. There were significant differences in plant life forms in different regions, with high bud plants dominating in Zone A, annual plants dominating in Zone B, and high bud and annual plants equating in Zone C. By selecting dominant species, it propose a vegetation configuration model that focused on local species and combined with shrubs and grasses, including mulberry, fire thorn, halberd leaf acid mold and dog tail grass for the restoration of the study area.
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